Pennsylvania Moves to Cut Carbon Emissions and Join RGGI

Georgia Mae Lively and Meryl Sands, The Energy Co-op

In a move toward decreasing carbon emissions in the Commonwealth, Pennsylvania may become the next state to join the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI, pronounced “Reggie”). Under an executive order from Governor Tom Wolf, the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) will begin drafting regulations on carbon pollution that would qualify the Commonwealth to join RGGI.

RGGI currently consists of nine Mid-Atlantic states, with New Jersey (a former member) rejoining in 2020 and Virginia slated to join in 2021. RGGI is designed to slow the effects of climate change by cutting carbon emissions and driving investment in clean energy.

But what does it mean to join RGGI?

In operation since 2008, RGGI is an initiative for states in New England and the Mid-Atlantic region to engage in a cap-and-invest program that has limited, and will continue to limit, carbon emissions resulting from power generation. To qualify, participating states must not exceed the established limit on carbon dioxide emissions for that year. In 2019, that cap was 80.2 million tons, which is 1.8 million tons lower than what Pennsylvania’s power sector emitted in 2018. Hence, the Pennsylvania DEP must draft regulations that would lower those emissions to the RGGI’s established standard.

The investment portion of RGGI requires power producers burning fossil fuels to purchase one “allowance” per ton of carbon dioxide they emit. Allowances are environmental attributes that are offered and sold to power producers and other investors at periodic auctions conducted by the organization that administers RGGI. Essentially, each allowance permits a power producer to emit one ton of carbon dioxide in generating electricity. The proceeds from the sale of these allowances are then given back to states to be invested in energy efficiency, renewable energy, and bill rebates for consumers. Any failure by power producers to purchase the required amount of RGGI allowances results in penalties.

Because Pennsylvania is such a significant player in the fossil fuel industry — as the fourth largest carbon emitter, third largest coal producer, and second largest natural gas producer in the country — it is not unreasonable to consider RGGI’s potential impact on the Pennsylvania economy. Existing RGGI states have seen significant positive impacts to both their environments and their economies. Carbon emissions from powerplants in RGGI states have fallen 47% since the program’s establishment, which is a 90% greater decrease than the rest of the country. At the same time, economic growth in RGGI states was 31% higher than the rest of the country, which includes a net benefit in economic activity of $4.7 billion, as well as thousands of jobs.

RGGI’s focus on reducing carbon emissions is a great step forward for Pennsylvania. As individuals, we can also take action to cut our own carbon emissions right now. Since 1998, The Energy Co-op, which was founded by Weavers Way, has been doing its part to spur investment in renewable energy, as the first supplier of renewable electricity in Southeastern Pennsylvania. Members of The Energy Co-op can also opt to source their renewable electricity from 100% Pennsylvania wind and solar power, further supporting local investment and jobs in clean energy. 

RGGI and The Energy Co-op are different mechanisms with a common goal: leading the sustainable energy evolution. To further this goal, The Energy Co-op is offering Weavers Way members $25 in their EasyPay account* when they sign up for Renewable Electricity with The Energy Co-op now through May 31. You can sign up online at, call 215-413-2122 or email Whichever way you decide to enroll, be sure to enter or mention the promo code WWEARTH2020.

This Earth Month, let’s all take steps towards reducing carbon emissions, whether by riding a bike, supporting environmental legislation, or joining The Energy Co-op. In fact, why not do all three!

* Terms apply. Promotion not open to current members of The Energy Co-op’s Renewable Electricity Program. New members will receive $25 in their Weavers Way EasyPay account 60 days after service start date.